linux · 2021年7月21日 0

使用阿里云搭建个人网盘


Nextcloud 是一款自由 (开源) 的类 Dropbox 软件,由 ownCloud 分支演化形成。它使用 PHP 和 JavaScript 编写,支持多种数据库系统,比如 MySQL/MariaDB、PostgreSQL、Oracle 数据库和 SQLite。它可以使你的桌面系统和云服务器中的文件保持同步,Nextcloud 为 Windows、Linux、Mac、安卓以及苹果手机都提供了客户端支持。Nextcloud 并非只是 Dropbox 的克隆,它还提供了很多附加特性,如日历、联系人、计划任务以及流媒体 Ampache。

本文简单讲述如何在云服务器配置Nextcloud实现个人网盘,仅供学习与交流,请勿用于商业用途

系统环境:阿里云 Centos7 无防火墙,无SElinux

一,配置PHP7-FPM

安装Nginx和php7

yum install epel-release -y
yum install nginx -y

添加webtatic仓库,里面提供了php7

rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
yum -y install php72w-fpm php72w-cli php72w-gd php72w-mysql php72w-pear php72w-mbstring php72w-pdo php72w-pecl-apcu php72w-pecl-apcu-devel php72w-intl.x86_64

配置php7-fpm
修改配置文件,修改其用户和组为nginx

vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
; Start a new pool named 'www'.
[www]

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;       will be used.
; RPM: apache Choosed to be able to access some dir as httpd
user = nginx
; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir.
group = nginx

检查php-fpm使用端口

; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.
; Valid syntaxes are:
;   'ip.add.re.ss:port'    - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific IPv4 address on
;                            a specific port;
;   '[ip:6:addr:ess]:port' - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific IPv6 address on
;                            a specific port;
;   'port'                 - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses
;                            (IPv6 and IPv4-mapped) on a specific port;
;   '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
; Note: This value is mandatory.
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

启动php-fpm

systemctl start php-fpm
systemctl enable php-fpm

二,配置 mariadb数据库

安装mariadb

yum install mariadb-server -y

启动服务并初始化

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
mysql_secure_installation

创建nextcloud数据库并授权给普通用户

create database nextcloud;
create user moulongxiong@localhost identified by 'long123';
grant all privileges on nextcloud.* to moulongxiong@localhost identified by 'long123';
flush privileges;
quit;

三,下载nextcloud

网络好就去nextcloud官网下载,网速慢从我的阿里云下载,如下所示

wget  http://blog.doragon.xyz/files/nextcloud-18.0.3.zip

解压,并移动到web目录下

unzip nextcloud-18.0.3.zip
mv nextcloud/ /var/www/

更改nextcloud文件夹拥有者为nginx

chown nginx:nginx /var/www/nextcloud/

四,在nginx配置nextcloud虚拟主机

官网有样板,改成自己的配置即可,我这里是80端口,不使用ssl

upstream php-handler {
    server 127.0.0.1:9000;
    #server unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
}

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name pan.doragon.xyz;

    # Remove X-Powered-By, which is an information leak
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;

    # Path to the root of your installation
    root /var/www/nextcloud;

    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }

    # The following 2 rules are only needed for the user_webfinger app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta /public.php?service=host-meta last;
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/host-meta.json /public.php?service=host-meta-json last;

    # The following rule is only needed for the Social app.
    # Uncomment it if you're planning to use this app.
    #rewrite ^/.well-known/webfinger /public.php?service=webfinger last;

    location = /.well-known/carddav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host:$server_port/remote.php/dav;
    }
    location = /.well-known/caldav {
      return 301 $scheme://$host:$server_port/remote.php/dav;
    }

    # set max upload size
    client_max_body_size 256M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;

    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;

    # Uncomment if your server is build with the ngx_pagespeed module
    # This module is currently not supported.
    #pagespeed off;

    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php;
    }

    location ~ ^\/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)\/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^\/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }

    location ~ ^\/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+)\.php(?:$|\/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(\/.*|)$;
        set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;
        try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;
        # fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        # Enable pretty urls
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }

    location ~ ^\/(?:updater|oc[ms]-provider)(?:$|\/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }

    # Adding the cache control header for js, css and map files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif|map)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";

        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }

    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg|bcmap)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}

测试nginx文件正确性

nginx -t

启动nginx服务

systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx

六,配置nextcloud

浏览器访问域名
输入数据库用户名,数据库用户密码,数据库名称,数据库端口号
即可完成配置,如图所示